Investigation and Thinking of Participants in Urban Leisure Square Dance

Survey and Reflections of Participants in Urban Leisure Fitness Square Dance Date: 2015-11-17 13:59
Urban leisure and fitness: investigation and thinking of square dance participants Wang Liangqing (College of Physical Education, Henan Agricultural University, Zhengzhou 450002, Henan Province, China) Su et al. conducted investigation and analysis and put forward relevant suggestions: to strengthen the execution and improve the exercise environment; to create a brand tree image, with points and faces; We will create a new public sports service supply system with the characteristics of the Central Plains, and create innovative models for the teaching practice bases for college sports majors. Provide fitness services for all citizens in Zhengzhou and serve the teaching reform of colleges and universities. With the gradual advancement of building a well-to-do society in an all-round way and the in-depth development of national fitness activities, the upsurge of leisure and fitness has swept through China, and people’s pursuit of quality of life has become increasingly strong. Stepping dance is stepping into people's lives with its unique charm. In particular, the successful holding of the "Dancing Forest Conference" in 2012, and the "Dancing Competition for Dance" and the square dancing in 2013 were carried out with the steps of dancing, and were performed under the accompaniment of the square music. The popularity of fitness activities is due to its strong self-entertainment and wide adaptability. With the accompaniment of sound and moving music, square dance can not only experience the aesthetic taste of dancing, but also can obtain the fitness function of sports activities. Compared to traditional fitness programs such as running, square dance is more interesting and entertaining; and compared to projects that rely on special venues and equipment, square dance can have a space and sound to dance. Zhengzhou is a warm temperate continental climate with four distinct seasons, moderate hot and cold temperatures and suitable square dance. In recent years, the square dance in Zhengzhou City has developed rapidly. However, there are not many studies devoted to the situation of square dance participants in Zhengzhou City. For this reason, this article investigates the status quo of square dance participants in Zhengzhou City, tries to have a more comprehensive understanding of the development of square dance in Zhengzhou, and analyzes the various phenomena and problems existing in the development of square dance. And put forward corresponding suggestions, in order to provide a basis for promoting leisure and fitness activities in Zhengzhou, and provide materials for the reform of physical education curriculum in colleges and universities. 1 Research objects and methods Participants 137 square dance participants in Zhengzhou City, including 42 males and 95 females. Research Methods 1.2.1 The data method was published in the library of Henan Agricultural University from 2002 to 2012. In China HowNet used "square dance" inspection; in foreign abstract database PubMed / MEDLINE / HighWire "SquareDance * and other inspections; while using retrospective to make the data detailed and comprehensive, and use manual screening methods to find relevant research, collected more than 20 There are more than 10 foreign articles and 5 monographs in the country. 1.2.2 Design of Questionnaires for Questionnaires This study follows the basic principles of questionnaire design, draws up questionnaires for participants of square dance in Zhengzhou, and then builds on them. Ten expert opinions were consulted, and the initial questionnaire was revised and supplemented, and an official survey questionnaire was finalized. Validity and reliability test of the questionnaire. In order to ensure that the data obtained from the survey was true and reliable, validity and reliability tests were conducted respectively. The validity test adopts the expert survey method, and the experts believe that the questionnaire is highly effective (see Table 1), and the reliability test adopts the re-test method with a reliability coefficient of 0.87, showing a significant correlation, which proves that the questionnaire is highly reliable. Recycling The questionnaire was distributed on-site and recovered (see Table 2). The interview method was based on research needs, and an interview outline was prepared. Use interviews, communication, and other forms to communicate with square dance participants and collect information.Statistical statistics 17.0 software performs frequency statistics and analysis of data obtained from questionnaires.Funds: Henan Provincial Higher Education Reform Research Provincial Project (2012SJGLX112) ; 2012 Henan Agricultural University higher education teaching reform research school-level project: Table 1 Validity test evaluation results N = higher high normal general low frequency 45100 ratio /% 1.2.5 logic analysis collected to The data are analyzed and summarized to ensure the accuracy and objectiveness of the research.. Regional distribution/part recovery/parts recovery rate/% recovery effective questionnaire/effective recovery rate/% Results and analysis of Huiji District, Jinshui District, Erqi District, Erqi District 2.1 Zhengzhou City Analysis of the Basic Characteristics of Square Dance Participants 2.1.1 Analysis of Gender and Age Characteristics of Square Dance Participants in Zhengzhou Age survey found that the gender ratio of square dance participants in Zhengzhou City differed significantly, with only 30% of men and less than the proportion of men. Half of women.From the perspective of age structure (see), Zhengzhou City square dance participants' sex, age indicate 0 years old and 30 years old Less is mainly concentrated in three age groups of 30 to 39 years, 40 to 49 years, and 50 to 59 years, accounting for 78% of the participants. The author believes that the fundamental reason for the differences in gender and age of participants in Zhengzhou Square Dance is that The characteristics of the crowd and the characteristics of the project: Women love the beauty, pursue the beauty, and display the beauty of the heart stronger than men, destined that women are more suitable for the square dance this leisure and fitness, and because the square dance has a certain degree of exercise intensity, movement, movement difficulty and music Rhythm, which limits the number of people, plus the number of different types of fitness, entertainment, and dating options available to different age groups, diverted participants who were 60 years of age or younger than 30 years old. 3 It can be seen that most of the people who participated in square dance exercises in Zhengzhou were within 7 years, accounting for 77.3%, and only 22.6% for those who participated in square dance exercises for 3 years or more. This shows that Zhengzhou City Square dance started later and has fewer participants. However, it shows an upward trend year by year. Square dance is being recognized and accepted by more Zhengzhou citizens. It has become a leisure and fitness project chosen by them. This proves that Zhengzhou Square Dance has a good mass base and development prospects. 2.1.3 Zhengzhou City Square Dance Participation Analyze the degree of likeness Square dance is one of the leisure and fitness projects. It has the characteristics of mass, popularity, and flexibility, and it determines that it is easily accepted by the masses. From Table 4, it can be seen that the survey respondents' degree of affection for the sport, 45.2% said they liked it very much, 47.4% said they liked, and generally liked only 7.2% of the total. Participants are very attractive and are favored by participants. Less than half a year, 1 year, 2 years, 3 years, more than 3 years, total number of participants, percentage of participants in Zhengzhou City, square dance participants, analysis of survey results (see Table 5), 38.7% of respondents were spontaneous, 35.0% were Accompanyed by friends, 8.8% were accompanied by family members, and only 17.5% of participants participated in the square dance by the community and organizations. This shows that most of the square dance participants in Zhengzhou are voluntary and voluntary, while the communities and organizations are organized. There are few participants. This shows that the square dance in Zhengzhou City has not received enough attention from the government as a mass sports leisure and fitness project, and its organization is obviously inadequate. If it continues for a long time, it will definitely affect the sustainable development of the project. Table 4 Statistics of likes of square dance participants in Zhengzhou City N= 137 Table 5 Participation methods of square dance participants in Zhengzhou City Table of statistics N= likes to like very much Likes to participate in general Spontaneous friends to accompany family to accompany community organizations Number of organizations 626510 people 534812213 Proportion/%45.347.47. 2.1.5 Analysis of Musical Rhythm and Dance Selection for Participants of Zhengzhou Square Dance Participants As can be seen from Table 6, 44.5% of Zhengzhou square dancers like medium-tempo music. It can also be seen that nearly 70% of the respondents like the square ballroom dancing. Sports dance is the product of the perfect combination of sports and art. Square ballroom dance is the product of popularization of sports dance, with wide adaptability and limited limitations. The reasons why I chose medium-tempo music and square ballroom dancing are mainly due to the medium-rhythmic music with moderate exercise capacity and the best sports effects. The Plaza has low ballroom dancing, low investment, and easy learning. It can meet the needs of leisure and fitness. Most people accept it. The fact that the investigators liked mid-tempo music and square ballroom dancing coincided with the gender and age characteristics of the participants. Musical rhythm, slow rhythm, medium rhythm, moderately fast, fast rhythm, percentage/% 2.1.6 Analysis of the size and location of square dance participants in Zhengzhou Through field surveys and interviews, it was discovered that Zhengzhou City had danced square dances in the early years, but the scale was Very small. There are five square dance exercises in the area where the number of people surveyed exceeds 100, of which 50 to 100 are social and dance, and the remaining are mostly a dozen, and the scale is relatively small. Some even have only seven or eight people. However, regardless of the number of participants, participants feel happy. As shown in Table 7, 50.0% of the participants like to perform square dance and leisure fitness in the square, followed by choice in the spacious area on the street, accounting for 23.4%, 13.1% in the park, and 8.0% in the community leisure fitness activities. %, choose to charge places exercisers accounted for 5.1%. The author believes that the reason why respondents chose the square for square dance and leisure fitness, the main reason is that there are 4:1 Zhengzhou City Square people, and tend to crowds drive the participants to the square for fitness; 2 The location, facilities and environment of Zhengzhou Square are more attractive to participants. 3 The fitness venues and fitness services in the community in Zhengzhou cannot meet the needs of the participants. 4 The level of sports consumption in Zhengzhou City allows participants to choose square dance fitness venues. 2.1.7 An analysis of the participants' satisfaction level of the current training environment in Zhengzhou Square Dancers learned (Table 8) that the ranking of Zhengzhou Square Dance participants who were dissatisfied with the exercise environment was: professional instructor guidance, accounting for 32.8%; ambient noise , air pollution, accounting for 25.5%; small venues, accounting for 21.2%; government attention, accounting for 9.5%; facilities maintenance, update, accounting for 7.3%; square dance organization, accounting for 3.6%. The author believes that the respondents to the training environment The unsatisfied sorting reflects a prominent problem: the current public welfare public sports service led by the Zhengzhou municipal government can not meet the needs of social development and leisure fitness for the masses. The lack of professional guidance, professional organizations and noise air pollution have become Zhengzhou City’s opening square. Dance is most urgently needed to solve the problem of exercise environment. Practicing venues Square Street broad area Park community Fitness venues Toll venues Percentage /% Professional guidance Surrounding environment Venues The government values ​​the proportion of unsatisfactory facilities /% 2.2 Behavioral characteristics of square dance participants in Zhengzhou City 2.2.1 Zhengzhou Square Dance The results of the analysis of participants' exercise frequency and duration showed (Table 9) that the number of participants who took part in square dance exercises was 6 to 7 times per week and 3 to 5 times per week. The total number was 67.1%. Exercise 1 to 2 The number of people taking the time accounted for 32.8%. Viewed from the length of each square dance exercise (Table 10), 97.1% of the participants had exercised for more than 30 minutes. According to Lu Yuanzhen’s sports population standards, most square dance participants surveyed belong to the sports population. It was confirmed that participants in the square dance in Zhengzhou not only possessed certain scientific physical knowledge and skills, but also were active participants in the mass sports activities in Zhengzhou. 2.2.2 Analysis of the sports purpose of Zhengzhou square dance participants From Table 11, we can see that the top five sports players of Zhengzhou Square Dance Dancers who participated in the survey are in order: physical fitness, adjusting spirit, maintaining body shape, increasing Interpersonal communication, disease prevention and treatment, diversification of sports purposes. The square dancing can be consistent with the function of the body's various joints to achieve a balanced development. Square dance can alleviate the aging of the elderly and can reduce the risk of falls in the elderly. Table 9 Zhengzhou Square Dance Participants' Exercise Frequency Statistics Table N=137 Table 10 Zhengzhou City Square Dance Participants' Practice Duration Statistics Table N=137 frequency 6~7 times per week 3~5 times per week 1~2 % of time/% 2.3 Influence of factors on square dance participants in Zhengzhou 2.3.1 Factors influencing square dance promotion 45.3% of participants in Zhengzhou square dance who were surveyed believe that the relevant departments are not organized enough, 32.8% It is believed that the propaganda is not enough, resulting in the public not knowing enough about the square dance and not knowing much; 31.4% think that there is little opportunity for square dance training and there is no professional teacher guidance (see Table 12). The author believes that whether the relevant departments are poorly organized or not enough promotional efforts, or training opportunities, in the final analysis is the lack of policies and social security, to solve these problems depends not only on the Zhengzhou municipal government, but also rely on the help of all sectors of society in Zhengzhou City. It is not enough to rely solely on the strength of the Zhengzhou Sports Bureau and the social sports instructors who deliver after training each year. From the realization of the “Outline for the Construction of a Strong Provincial Sports Province in Henan Province (2013~2020)” pointed out that by 2020 the province’s sports comprehensive strength and core competitiveness will rank among the top targets in the central and western regions, and there will be a large gap. 2.3.2 Analysis of Subjective and Objective Factors Affecting Square Dance Participants Survey data show that 48.2% of the participants think that work is busy without time, 41.1% think that housework is busy, 29.5% think that it is a venue factor, only 33.9% Participants felt no obstacles. The author believes that the objective factors affecting the participants of Zhengzhou square dance training can be listed in many ways, but they are not decisive factors. The decisive factor can only be the subjective consciousness of the exerciser himself. It is unnecessary to say that the workload is aggravated and the life rhythm is accelerating. It definitely affects leisure. Time, as long as the subjective consciousness wants to exercise, there is nothing that can stop the exercise desire and behavior. Therefore, while improving the external environment, it is also necessary to increase publicity and education to increase awareness of conscious exercise among participants in the square dance in Zhengzhou, and to normalize the exercise behavior of her and them. Table 11 Statistics of the sports purpose of participants in the square dance in Zhengzhou City N=137 Table 12 Statistics of the square dance promotion restrictions in Zhengzhou City N=137 Frequency of sports purpose/% ranking Popularity and restriction factors Inadequate organization of lack of awareness Lack of training Other physical fitness frequency Adjusting Spirit Ratio / % Keeping Body Shape Note: This watch is a number of options to increase interpersonal communication to prevent and treat diseases Note: This table is a number of options 3 Conclusion In Zhengzhou City, square dance is a certain people base and has a good development trend The leisure and fitness program was favored by people in the 30-59 age group. There were more female than male participants, 82.5% of participants in the survey participated in square dance fitness in a voluntary manner, and 44.5% chose medium-tempo music. Nearly 70.0% chose social dancing, 50.0% chose square for square dance and fitness, and the square dance floor was of different sizes. 32.8% of them designated professional instructors as the most unsatisfactory training environment. The frequency of participants in the square dance in Zhengzhou City was 3-7 times per week, accounting for 67.2%. The exercise duration was longer than 30 minutes per minute accounting for 97.1%. The purpose of the exercise was diversified, followed by physical fitness, mental adjustment, shape retention, and increased interpersonal communication. And disease prevention and treatment. The factors constraining the development of square dance in Zhengzhou are related to ineffective organization, lack of publicity, lack of training guidance, busy work housework, and lack of exercise space, while the objective factors for the individual participants are greater than the subjective factors. However, subjective exercise awareness of participants is a determinant. 4 Recommendations 4.1 Strengthen enforcement and improve the exercise environment The mass sports work in Zhengzhou City needs to be strengthened. The reason is that the battle line is long and the scope of duties is wide, and there is no more effort to catch community sports. It is proposed to set up corresponding institutions to meet with the Social Sports Management Center of the Henan Provincial Sports Bureau and extend to the sub-district office, specifically responsible for the sports affairs of the urban community and the new rural community, strengthen planning, organization and leadership, effectively solve the sports issues around the masses, and improve exercise. The environment provides warm and comfortable public sports services for square dance participants and other fitness workers to meet the fitness needs of the public. The participants of the vast square dance also need to change their concepts, raise their awareness, improve their quality, and focus on their behaviors. They must promote square dance as their own responsibility, and reduce the negative effects of bad habits, such as free and unrestrained, unorganized and undisciplined, and behavioral nuisance. 4.2 Creating a brand tree image, with a certain point and face Zhengzhou City Square Dance has a certain mass base and a good momentum of development. It may be a good idea to first promote Square Dance as a pilot for mass sports in Zhengzhou. Locate fusion points, join points, lift points, and balance points. Overall planning, unified implementation, actively and steadily promoting the development of square dance, creating the brand and image of mass sports in Zhengzhou, and contributing to building a harmonious Zhengzhou and building a beautiful Central Plains. 4.3 Creating a “One-Major, Multi” New Type of Public Sports Service Supply System with Central Plains Characteristics Under the strategic background of the establishment of the Central Plains Economic Zone, the Zhengzhou Municipal Government must actively and steadily promote the reform of the public welfare public sports service supply system and abandon “etc. Based on traditional thinking, we must create a new type of public sports service supply system with government-led multi-participation and featuring the characteristics of the Central Plains. We should play the role of government-led, university manpower, enterprise and institutional resources, non-governmental organization financial resources, media, and other complementary advantages. 4.4 Innovating the Model of College Out-of-School Teaching Practice Base Construction College sports colleges and district and county governments jointly established a new type of out-of-school teaching practice base, and divided the divisions to participate in grassroots mass sports activities in sub-district offices and communities. In order to ensure the supply of sports service personnel. Students can get organized practical exercises, and schools can use this as an opportunity to deepen the teaching reform of sports majors and serve the fitness of all citizens.

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